Country covers an area of 2.7 million square kilometres,
approximately the same size as
, and spans two time
zones from the
in the East. In terms
is the ninth largest
country in the world.
has a very long
history stretching for many centuries. The large trade and economical centres,
and Otrar flourished
on the ancient
1500 years ago. The
thousands years history of another ancient city of Taraz had witnessed the
great philosophers such as Al-Farabi, dubbed Aristotle of the East, and
Hodzha Akhmed-Yassauyi, one of the most respected among the Turks follower
of the Prophet Mohammed.
the main features characterising ancient
is the Great Silk
Road. The territory now known as the Southern Kazakhstan laid in the
middle of Silk Road, a web of caravan tracks connecting the East (China)
and the West (Persia, currently Iran), in the second century AD.
silver, ivory, jade, wool, Mediterranean coloured
glass, grapes, wine and spices flowed east, while silk, porcelain, spices,
gems and perfumes moved to west.
provided horses and
camels to keep goods flowing along the route. The historical significance
is derived not only
from the trade that flowed from it, but also from the exchange of ideas,
technologies and religions among the different cultures that used it.
Constitution proclaims the rights to life, to personal freedom, to
inviolability of private life, personal or family secrets, to be recognised
as subject of law and to be equal before the law and court, etc. The
Constitution defends the freedoms of speech and creative activities,
conscience, forming associations, labour, occupation and profession, etc.
The Capital city of
Kazakhstan is called Akmola.
Road Hotels: Ishak Pasa Caddesi No: 6 Cankurtaran, Sultanahmet - Istanbul / Turkey
90 (212) 511 22 96 Fax:
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