Tajikistan is a newly-independent republic on the southern tip of what used to be Soviet Central Asia. Beautiful and remote, Tajikistan was host to substantial numbers of visitors, largely from the USSR and Eastern European countries. Tourists were attracted by opportunities for alpine mountaineering, rock climbing, walking, fishing, or simply relaxing among dramatic mountains and lakes.


A few western mountaineers and travellers in search of unconventional destinations also found their way to Tajikistan. Most famous of all were the three giants of the Pamirs: Peak Kommunisma, Peak Lenina and Peak Korzhenevskaya in the Eastern region of Badakhshan. For alpine climbing, high level walking tours and lakeland scenery the Fann mountains in the North West of the country, just across the border from Samarkand, were especially popular.
When the 1992-97 civil war started, almost all tourism was terminated overnight. However, the war is now over, the country is slowly getting back on its feet, and today Tajikistan has much to offer to the mountaineer, the hiker and the independent traveller in search of remote locations and unusual cultural experiences.

Tajikistan is a small republic in Central Asia, bordering Uzbekistan, Kirghizstan, China and Afghanistan. The 1,200 km (740 mile) border with Afghanistan is demarked by the river Panj and the mighty Amu Daryo.

Most of Tajikistan's land area is mountainous, ranging from the Fann Mountains in the west to the rocky heights of the Pamirs in the eastern region of Badakhshon. The highest peak (7,495m/23,400ft) is Peak Samanid. Formerly called Peak Communism, this giant of the Pamirs was renamed in 1999 as part of the celebrations for the 1100th anniversary of the Samanid State

Like most of Central Asia and the Turkic, nomadic community, Tajikistan is known for its breeding of  horses. A need has risen to increase the number of horses both on state-owned and
private farms. The main conditions for horse-breeding derive from the need for breeds of working and sporting horses. The development of the horse-breeding sector has a defence aspect as well, and will be of use in protecting the borders. Thoroughbred and race horses are in great demand on world markets now. Why not continue ancestoral traditions and breed Tajik thoroughbred horses, bringing them to the world market?

There were three central Silk Road routes through Tajikistan.

Area: 143,100 sq. km (55,800 sq. miles)
Population: 6.1 million
Government type: Republic
Capital: Dushanbe (pop. 536,100)
President: Imomali Rakhmonov


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