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            TANITIM ( INTRODUCTION )

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  • Turkish is simply different from western european languages.

  1. ) First thing is the vowel harmony that is unknown to english speakers.

  2. ) Putting words into a different order when making sentences.

  3. ) Vocabulary is mostly unrelated to western languages.

  • The easy points are “despite all differences” if you once adjust the rules Turkish is so logical.

  1. ) Nouns do not have masculine or feminine genders to remember.

  2. ) The rules rarely change. But there are a few exceptions.

  3. ) If you know the endings you don’t have to know all the vocabulary.

  • WHAT IS ENDING ?

    Let’s make an example

    Gelebileceksin  à                        gel        ebil         ecek         sin

                                                             ¯            ¯               ¯               ¯                                                              “Come” “be able to”   “will”     “you”

    Geleceksin       à                         gel       ecek       sin 

                                                           ¯            ¯             ¯
                                                    
“come”   “will”     “you”

 As you see in the example the structure is completely different from english. You form a simple statement with a base and endings in a single word and this is called AGGLUTINATE.  Turkish is an aglutinating language.  This is binding words with endings  

  • While we are aglutinating, most of the endings harmonise with the base word. For example : the ending “-le” means “with”

         Kitap    la    > kitapla          =  with the book

            ¯          ¯    
        
Book      with 

        Ev      le   >   evle                      = with the book

          ¯         ¯
        Book     with 

     Here is the ending  “-la” is in the same usage with ending “-le” and this is called the
     THE VOWEL HARMONY that you will learn by practicing and listening by the time.  

  • HOW WILL I PUT THE WORDS IN RIGHT ORDER ? 

         Let’s make an example  

        The woman    went     home  à   The woman home went. 

            Kadýn          gitti         eve           Kadýn eve gitti.  

Here we got a simple rule. The subject is always in the beginning and the verb is always at the end. Mostly in every sentence we speak, the last word we speak is the verb. 

  • HOW WILL I  BUILD VOCABULARY WITH ENDINGS

      a. ) Gazete = Newspaper 

           Gazete – ci à Gazeteci = Journalist 

      b. ) Deniz    = Sea

            Denizci = Sailor                                  - ci   

     c. ) Kitap  =  Book

          Kitapçý  =  Book Seller ( Store )           -çý 

        Above you can see the vowel harmony.   

        Unfortunately, you don’t have to listen at the same time. You have to pay attention to
        understand the words. 

                                                                                                           
                                                                                                            
Serpil Aksahin – Cansu Çaykara
Ó

English

Turkish

Pronunciation

Yes

Evet

ehveht

No

Hayir

hahyir

Please

Lutfen

lewtfehn

Thank you (very)

(Cok) Tesekkur ederim

tehshehkk'ewr ehdehreem

That's all right

Birsey degil

beershey dehg'eel

Hello

Merhaba

mehrhhahbah

Where

Nerede

nehrehdeh

When

Ne zaman

neh zahmahn

What

Ne

neh

How

Nasil

nahssil

How much

Ne kadar

neh kahdar

How many

Kac tane

kahch tahneh

What's this called

Bunun adi ne

boonoon ahdi neh

Do you speak English

Ingilizce biliyor musunuz?

eeng'eeleezjeh beeleeyor moossoonooz

I understand

Anliyorum

ahnliyoroom

I don't understand

Anlamiyorum

ahnlahmiyoroom

I'd like

... istiyorum

... eesteeyoroom

I'm hungry

Aciktim

ahjiktim

I'm thirsty

Susadim

soossahdim

Big/small

buyuk/kucuk

bewyewk'/k'ewchewk'

Cheap/expensive

ucuz/pahali

oojooz/pahhahli

Beautiful/ugly

Guzel/cirkin

g'ewzehi/cheerk'een

I go

Ben (I) gidiyorum

 

1

bir

6

alti

10

on

20

yirmi

70

yetmis

2

iki

7

yedi

11

on bir

30

otuz

80

seksen

3

uch

8

sekiz

12

on iki

40

kirk

90

doksan

4

dort

9

dokuz

13

on uch

50

elli

100

yuz

5

besh

 

 

14

on dort

60

altmis

1000

bin

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